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Things to know about childhood cancer

Childhood cancers are uncommon; they make up less than 1 per cent of all cancers. However, it is the second-best cause of death in children, only just behind accidents.

Childhood cancers impact not just the child but also his or her whole family. When cancer attacks a kid, it is different from adult cancers in some ways. Here are some things to know about childhood cancer.

Leukaemia is the most prevalent type of childhood cancer.

The kinds of cancer most frequently witnessed in adults are uncommon in kids. Leukaemia is a type of cancer of the bone marrow or blood; it is the most prevalent form of childhood cancer, estimating for about 30 per cent of all childhood cancers.

Other kinds of cancer involve the central nervous system and brain cancers, neuroblastoma that begins in nerve cells, nephroblastoma that initiates in one or both kidneys, lymphoma that impacts the lymph nodes, and cancers that affect the muscles eyes and bones.

The risks and causes of cancer are sometimes unknown.

While adults could occasionally control their diets, people should avoid smoking and refrain from drinking alcohol to prevent some types of cancers. Lifestyle factors do not frequently cause childhood cancers. Most of the times cause of childhood cancer is not known. There is proof that certain kinds of childhood cancers are caused by genetic mutations or alterations in DNA that occur very early in life.

Treatment is different in children than in adults.

Similar to cancer in adults, cancer in kids is cured depending on the form and the seriousness. Treatments usually include chemotherapy, surgery, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and stem cell therapy.

Children generally recover faster than adults, so they might be able to tolerate higher doses of chemotherapy. However, because children grow and develop quickly, their bodies might respond differently to some medications.

Survival rates are increasing.

While the rate of childhood cancer has risen slightly over the past numerous decades, advancements in science and treatment mean that survival percentages also increase. The five-year survival rate for kids struggling with cancer now averages over 80 per cent, meaning that over 80 per cent of kids with cancer survive at least five years after being diagnosed.

Cancer is potentially a dangerous problem. If diagnosed early, it could save lots of time, money and most importantly, life. People should get them and their kids tested for cancer and related indicators.

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