Back

Chemotherapy (CHEMO)

WHAT IS CHEMOTHERAPY (CHEMO)

Chemotherapy (Chemo) is a kind of  cancer treatment that uses intensive drugs to eliminate cancer cells. Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing down the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly and numerously. The treatment can also end up harming healthy cells that divide quickly, such as ones that line the mouth, intestines or the ones that cause hair growth. Often, side effects reverse or go away completely once the chemo is over.

WHY IS  CHEMOTHERAPY DONE?

Chemotherapy is a modality of cancer treatment. It is done to:

  • Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer trace them in your body.
  • Chemotherapy keeps cancer from spreading, slows down its growth.
  • Chemotherapy shrinks tumours that are causing pain or pressure.

HOW CHEMOTHERAPY IS GIVEN?

Chemotherapy can be administered through one or more of the following ways:

  • Injection form - in a muscle in the arm, thigh, or hip or right under the skin in the fatty part of the belly, arm or leg.
  • Intra-arterial (IA)- directly into the artery that is feeding the cancer.
  • Intraperitoneal (IP)- directly into the area that contains organs such as your intestines, stomach, liver, and ovaries.
  • Intravenous (IV)- directly into a vein.
  • Topically- in a cream form that can be rubbed onto your skin.
  • Orally- in form of pills, capsules, or liquids that can be swallowed.

WHAT ARE ITS COMMON SIDE EFFECTS OF CHEMOTHERAPY?

  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Infection
  • Anaemia (low red blood cell counts)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Appetite changes
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Mouth, tongue, and throat problems like  sores and pain while swallowing
  • Nerve and muscle problems like numbness, tingling, and pain
  • Skin and nail changes like dryness and colour alteration
  • Kidney problems
  • Weight related issues
  • Chemo brain (affecting concentration and focus)
  • Mood swings
  • Libido changes 
  • Fertility disorders

Share Article

Download The App

Back to Top
error: Content is protected !!