Hip Replacement (Total Hip Arthroplasty)
In this procedure, the surgeon removes the damaged sections of your hip-joint replacing them with parts usually made of metal and very hard plastic. This prosthesis helps reducing pain and improves functionality.
Why Hip Replacement is Performed?
Osteoarthritis damages the slick cartilage that covers the ends of bones and helps joints move smoothly.
Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an over-active immune system and produces a type of inflammation that erodes the bone and cartilage and deforms joints.
Osteonecrosis is an inadequate blood supply to the ball portion of the hip joint, due to which the bone may collapse and deform.
If you're experiencing hip pain that persists despite pain medication and worsens with walking, has started interfering with your sleep and mobility, you must see your Doctor.
How Hip Replacement is Performed?
Your surgery will likely to be scheduled several weeks in advance unless you are having a medical emergency due to some accident or mis incidence. The 1-3 hours long procedure shall be done under general or local anaesthesia depending upon your general well-being.
After the Procedure
The staff will monitor your vital signs and give you medication for pain once the surgery is over. You will be transferred to a ward in the hospital when your condition is stable. The hospital stay may last 3-5 days.
Day after surgery, a physical therapist shall help you to get up and walk a few steps. Some patients may go home immediately after discharge from the hospital, although they require to continue working with a physical therapist on an OPD basis while few other patients might choose to go to a rehabilitation facility for obtaining additional care and in-patient therapy. A cemented joint prosthesis has the longest recovery time.