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Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)

An MPV test determines the average size of your platelets. It is related to a platelet count test, which measures the number of platelets in your blood.MPV test comes under the umbrella of Complete Blood Count test which is most common blood test ordered by doctor.

Doctor generally use MPV test results to determine whether additional testing is required or not such as a bone marrow biopsy. High or low MPV results should be be interpreted with other CBC results, such as platelet count.

There are also other factors which can affect MPV results like exercise routine, living at high altitude area.

What preparation do we need for the test?

MPV Blood test usually done as part of a complete blood count (CBC).So no preparations are needed before the test. The test can be easily conducted in any lab or blood testing centre. You generally don’t need any special preparations for an MPV blood test. Your doctor will let you know if there are any special instructions to follow.

Are there any risks to the test?

A MPV test is a very safe, common test. All tests carry some risk, however, these may include:

  • Infection
  • A hematoma
  • Feeling faint
  • Excessive bleeding

High MPV meaning

A high MPV result indicates that platelets are larger than average. This can be sign that your body is producing too many platelets. Larger platelets are more reactive.

Causes of High MPV

  • Thyroid
  • Obesity
  •  Heart Disease
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Cancer
  • Genetic Disorder
  • Smoking
  • Living in high altitude

Low MPV meaning

A low MPV shows that your platelets are smaller than average. Smaller platelets tend to be older, so a low MPV may mean that bone marrow is not producing required new ones.  Again low MPV doesn’t mean anything. It should be interpreted with other CBC results.

Causes of low MPV

  • Impaired bone marrow function
  • Chemotherapeutics
  • Inflammatory Diseases
  • Genetic  disorder

The Takeaway

If your MPV levels are not in the normal range, it doesn't always mean that you have a medical problem. There are various other factors which can affect the results. Talk to your doctor to know the actual issue. According to your lifestyle, a high or low MPV may be completely normal for you. So don’t need to panic consult your consult to know the cause of it.

Authenticated by:

Dr. Gaurav Sharma

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