A pacemaker is a small apparatus that is positioned under the skin in the chest to assist in controlling the heartbeat. Pacemakers are set in to assist in managing the pulse. They could be set in temporarily to cure a slow heartbeat after a heart attack, surgery, or medication overdose. Or they could be set in permanently to correct a slow or irregular heartbeat or, in some people, to assist in treating heart failure.


Before the Procedure

People would likely be awake during the surgery to insert the pacemaker, which usually takes a few hours. People would have an intravenous line placed, through which they would receive medication to help them relax.

Maximum pacemaker implantations are done using local anesthesia to anaesthetize the area of slits. The chest is cleaned with special soap to sanitize the area.

During the Procedure

One or several flexible, insulated wires are inserted into a major vein under or near the collarbone. They are guided to the heart via X-ray images. One end of each wire is secured to an apt position in the heart. In contrast, the other end is connected to the pulse generator, which is generally fixed in under the skin beneath the collarbone.

After the Procedure

People might have to probably stay in the hospital for a day after having a pacemaker implanted. The pacemaker would be planned to fit the pacing needs of individuals. Most pacemakers could be examined remotely. The pacemaker sends out and receives information from the office of the doctor, including the heart rate and rhythm, how the pacemaker is functioning, and its remaining battery life.


Complications caused by surgery to insert the pacemaker are rare, but it includes:

  • Contamination in the area where the pacemaker was inserted
  • An allergic outcome to the dye or anesthesia used during the procedure
  • Damage to the blood vessels or nerves near the pacemaker
  • Collapsed lungs


The doctors might suggest the patients avoid vigorous exercise or heavy lifting for nearly a month. People should also avoid putting pressure on the area where the pacemaker was inserted. If people feel the ache in that area, they should consult their doctors about taking over-the-counter medicines, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others).


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