A hysteroscopy is a process where the doctor inserts a small-diameter apparatus into the uterus. This device is equipped with a light and a small camera at the end to allow the doctors to see inside the womb.

There are numerous situations in which the doctors might recommend this procedure. It could be used for either medical or diagnostic purposes. It might be used:

  • for visual verification of another test result
  • to help in the elimination of fibroids and polyps
  • in combination with a laparoscopic procedure
  • before a dilation and curettage (D&C) process
  • to discover any deformity in the uterus


Before the Procedure

If people have general anaesthesia, they might be asked to avoid eating or drinking for a few hours before the procedure. If the procedure is being done under local anaesthetic, they could continue to eat and drink as normal.

It is suggested to wear loose, comfortable clothes when people arrive for the procedure.  

During the Procedure

A hysteroscopy usually takes between 5 and 30 minutes to get completed. During the procedure, people would be asked to lie on a couch with their legs held in supports, and a sheet is used to cover the lower half. An instrument called a speculum might be inserted into the vagina to keep it open, the vagina and cervix are sanitized with an antiseptic solution. A hysteroscope (long, thin tube equipped with a light and camera) is passed into the womb, and one might feel some cramping and discomfort as it passes through the cervix. The fluid is gradually pumped into the uterus to make it convenient for the doctor to see inside of the cervix, the camera placed on the tube sends pictures to the monitor so that the doctors could spot any deformities.

After the Procedure

People should be able to go home and resume their daily regime soon after a hysteroscopy. However, people might need to stay in the hospital for a few hours if they had general anaesthesia.


Hysteroscopy is regarded as a reasonably safe procedure with minimal complications. However, it is still regarded as surgery. Because of this, there are some possible complications, though they are not widespread. They might include:

  • contamination
  • wounds of the uterus
  • excessive bleeding
  • an allergic reaction to anesthesia or the liquid used to clean the uterus
  • any side effects linked with the use of anesthesia


People should immediately get in touch with their doctors if they experience any of the following:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Serious ache


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