Cystoscopy And Ureteroscopy


Cystoscopy is a process that enables the doctor to inspect the lining of the bladder and the tube that takes out urine from the body (urethra). A hollow tube (Cystoscope) furnished with a lens is inserted into the urethra, and it gradually gets advanced into the bladder.

Cystoscopy might be done in a testing room, using a local anesthetic jelly to anesthetize the urethra. Or it might be done as an outpatient procedure with sedation. Another alternative is to have Cystoscopy in the hospital during regular anesthesia.


Before the Process

The doctors would prescribe antibiotics to take before and after the Cystoscopy process. The medications come in handy when people are unable to fight off infections. In the hospital, this test is carried out with regular anesthesia and sedation.

During the Process

A simple outpatient Cystoscopy could take five to 15 minutes. When it is done in a hospital with sedation or general anesthesia, Cystoscopy takes about 15 to 30 minutes.

The Cystoscopy process might be as follows:

  • People would be asked to empty their bladder
  • People might or might not receive a sedative or anesthesia
  • The doctors would insert the Cystoscope
  • The doctor would then analyze the urethra and bladder
  • The bladder would be filled with a disinfected solution
  • The doctors might collect tissue samples

After the Process

People might be allowed to continue with their daily routine. If they have had sedation or general anesthesia, then they might be asked to stay in the recovery area to allow the effects of the medication to wear down fully before they leave.

People might experience side effects following the Cystoscopy process, such as:

  • Bleeding from the urethra, which could appear bright pink in the urine or on toilet tissue
  • A burning feeling while urinating
  • Frequent urination in the following two days

People could get relieved from some of the discomforts if they:

  • Hold a warm, moist washcloth over the opening of their urethra to help relieve pain. 
  • Taking warm baths. However, doctors might ask people to avoid baths. People should ask their doctor if they have concerns.
  • Drinking lots of water. It flushes out the bladder and reduces irritation in the bladder as well. 


There are minimal risks involved with the process; however, if there are any risks, they are:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Pain


The doctors might conduct a second process called Ureteroscopy at the same time as the Cystoscopy pursues. Ureteroscopy uses a smaller scope to examine the tubes that transfer the urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureters).


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