WHAT IS A CESAREAN BIRTH
A Cesarean delivery or birth, also known as a C-section is the procedure for surgical delivery of a baby. It is a very common procedure that is used to deliver babies where normal vaginal deliveries can cause complications. Cesarean deliveries are generally avoided before 39 weeks of pregnancy so the child has proper time to develop in the womb, however, sometimes complications arise and a cesarean delivery must be performed prior to 39 weeks.
WHY A CESAREAN DELIVERY IS DONE?
A cesarean delivery is typically performed when complications from pregnancy make traditional vaginal birth difficult, which puts the mother or child at risk. Sometimes cesarean deliveries are planned early in the pregnancy, but they are mostly performed when complications arise during labour. Cesarean delivery is considered in following conditions:
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF A CESAREAN DELIVERY?
Even though cesarean deliveries have become very common, it is still a major surgery that carries risks for both mother and child. Natural childbirth remains the preferred method because of lowest risk of complications. The risks of cesarean delivery include:
HOW IS CESAREAN DELIVERY DONE?
Preparation for a cesarean delivery
In case of a planned cesarean delivery, the doctor will give the complete instructions about what patients can do to lower the risk of complications and have a successful delivery. Detailed check-ups including blood tests and other examinations will be done in preparation for the delivery.
How a cesarean delivery is performed
Before the surgery, the abdomen will be cleaned and prepared for receiving intravenous (IV) fluids into the arm. This allows doctors to administer fluids and any type of medications required. Patient will also have a catheter put in to keep the bladder empty during the surgery.
There are three types of anesthesia offered to delivering mothers:
When patient has been properly medicated and numbed, the doctor will make an incision just above the pubic hairline. This is typically horizontal across the pelvis. In emergency situations, the incision may be vertical. Once the incision into the abdomen has been made and the uterus is exposed, the doctor will make an incision into the uterus. Baby will be removed from the uterus after the second incision is made. The doctor will tend to the baby by clearing their nose and mouth of fluids and clamping and cutting the umbilical cord. The hospital staff will make sure the baby is breathing normally. The doctor will repair the uterus with dissolving stitches and close the abdominal incision with sutures.
After a cesarean delivery
Immediately after surgery, mother will remain on an IV. This allows for adjusted levels of painkillers to be delivered into the bloodstream while the anesthesia wears off. After the cesarean delivery, both mother and child typically have to stay in the hospital for about three days. Doctor will provide home care recommendations before discharge. Patient should generally follow these instructions:
Consult the doctor if case of following symptoms: