A barium enema is a kind of x-ray imaging test ( 30-60 minutes’ procedure) to examine lower intestinal tract. It delivers barium solution into rectum through enema while efficient and quality X-ray images of the area are taken.
WHY BARIUM ENEMA IS DONE?
A barium enema rules out any abnormality of lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract and helps resolving:
WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE TEST?
PREPARING FOR A BARIUM ENEMA
Patient has to be empty stomach. Laxatives or enema might be advised to cleanse the bowels.
On the day of procedure, patient may consume clear liquids (water, tea, juice, or broth, etc)
After the Test
Patient resumes regular diet
Advised drinking plenty of water and other liquids (02-03 days)
Avoid carbonated drinks
Consume diet comprising fruits, vegetables and whole grains
Mild laxative might be prescribed to help removing remaining barium.
Results are categorized as negative or positive
Negative- no abnormalities found
Positive-abnormalities found. Further testing required
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS OF A BARIUM ENEMA ?
-a perforated colon
-a tear in colon wall
-inflammation of the tissues around colon
-obstruction of GI tract
Any difficulty or pain experienced with bowel movements, fever, or rectal bleeding or an absence of a bowel movement for 02-03 days after the barium enema, inability to pass gas must be brought to Doctor’s notice immediately.