Category: First Aid


Drowning is submersion in water causing death by suffocation.


  • The person might have swallowed and inhaled a lot of water. So if they vomit they may inhale the swallowed water into their lungs. To prevent this, try keeping their head lower than the rest of their body while taking them out of the water.
  • If the person is not breathing and the water is shallow enough for you to stand start rescue breaths in the water.
  • If the person’s heart has stopped working then remove them from water and start CPR.
  • Follow DRSABCD until help arrives.
  • Do not try to empty their lungs and stomach of water
  • Keep them warm as they may be suffering from hypothermia. Take off wet clothes if you dry replacements. Cover the ground underneath, as heat is lost via this route.
  • If they start breathing, place them in the recovery position.
  • Even if they start breathing and appear to have completely recovered they must be taken to the hospital.


  • Rescue breaths- Rescue breathing is blowing air from one person into the mouth or nose of another to inflate the recipient's lungs. To perform these-
  •  Lay the patient flat on his back and tilt his head back. Place one   hand on his forehead and use your other hand to lift his chin.
  •  Cover the patient's mouth with your mouth. Make a seal and blow just enough air to make the patient's chest rise. Don’t blow too hard.
  •  Keep repeating until the patient starts breathing 
  •  CPR- 


  • Do not enter the water if you can avoid it (never dive in). 
  • Throw the person a rope attached to a buoyancy aid and pull them out or use a rowing boat to bring them out.
  • Remember that in cold water, hypothermia may make it difficult to detect signs of circulation.

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