Category: First Aid

Broken Bone

A broken bone or a fracture is a situation in which one of the bones cracks or breaks into multiple pieces. It can result from an accident, sports injury or any violent trauma.

Symptoms of a broken bone

A broken bone might cause one or more of the given signs and symptoms:

  • intense pain in the injured area getting worse with movement
  • numbness in the injured area
  • Wound site at or closer to fracture site
  • bruising, swelling, any visible deformity in the injured area
  • broken bone protruding through the skin
  • the casualty might have heard the bones grating on one another
  • heavy bleeding 

First Aid Steps

  • Assess the situation.
  • If the casualty is bleeding, carefully place a dressing or sterile pad over the wound site, and apply hand pressure either side of the protruding bone to control the bleeding.Never press on the protruding bone itself. Build up padding alongside the bone if it is sticking out of the skin.You may as well want to secure the dressing and padding firmly with a bandage, but do not do so if it causes any movement of the limb, and as well as  never bandage too tight.
  • If you think they’ve broken a bone in their neck or back, help them stay as much still as possible. And, in case you think  the casualty has  cracked a bone in one of their limbs, immobilize the area using a splint or sling.
  • In more extreme circumstances- if the casualty happens to be in a very remote location, emergency help is seriously delayed, or you are forced to take the casualty to a doctor/hospital yourself - you may need to splint the fracture.Add extra padding around the limb and fix with tied bandages or equivalent. Keep any movement to a minimum. 
  • Transporting a splinted fracture casualty individually is not recommended unless you are professionally trained to do so or are in a remote area.
  • Apply wrapped ice pack or bag of ice cubes in a piece of cloth and apply it to the injured area for up to 10 minutes at a time.
  • Help the casualty to a comfortable position. Ask them to rest. Keep them reassured and warm.  
  • Monitor the casualty’s condition, paying gripping attention to the circulation beyond any tied bandages
  • If the person doesn’t appear to be breathing, he has fainted - call for Emergency & begin on CPR.

When to call the Doctor? 

  • you suspect a broken a bone in head, neck, or back
  • the fractured bone is pushing out through the skin
  • heavy bleeding at the break site

Important Information 

If you suspect someone with a broken bone, provide first-aid treatment and get them to hospital.Bear in mind that the casualty could be in great pain, and also watch out for the signs & symptoms of shock and any other injuries.Keep it essentially in mind that a broken bone needs to be left clean and undisturbed for apt healing.

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