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Factors that could affect fertility in future

Pregnant woman touching abdomen

Thinking of having a child in the near future, but not yet prepared for it? You are not alone. Women nowadays are waiting for longer durations than ever before to have their first child.

Just two decades back, in 2000, the average age for first pregnancy was estimated at 25. Today, that number has gone beyond 28. Waiting longer does have its advantages —like financial security, which makes sense in the present day’s economy. But waiting longer could also make getting pregnant more difficult.

Suppose people are planning to have a baby later in their life. In that case, it might be time to start planning now because their habits and current health might be having more of an effect than they ever know.

Many factors that affect fertility are within our control. While age and genetics are essential factors, they are ultimately beyond our regulations. The best thing people could do is to take good care of themselves. Doing so might make getting pregnant more convenient and reduce the risk of complications. Here are some things that could negatively impact fertility.

Smoking

The far-ranging impact of smoking is evident to all of us. Not only does it impact our cardiovascular and lung health, but it also increases the risk of cancer, but it could also have negative impacts on our fertility. Some studies have proved that smoking could age the ovaries by the equivalent of 10 years. Moreover, it could harm the eggs.

Alcohol

Even controlled drinking could have adverse effects on fertility. Women who consume more than four alcoholic drinks a week might experience problems while conceiving. Binge drinkers are also vulnerable to complications such as polycystic ovary syndrome. Moreover, pregnant ladies should avoid alcohol consumption; there is no safe limit on alcohol during pregnancy.

Bodyweight

Bodyweight could also have a significant impact on fertility. Even overweight women with regular ovulatory cycles have reduced fertility. Body fat elevates the oestrogen levels, which might adversely affect the embryo’s ability to attach and grow. On the other hand, being underweight could also affect fertility. Skinny women could probably stop ovulating altogether. If people maintain a healthy weight, they might stay clear of the future complications of pregnancy.

Stress

Stress makes the muscles tensed, accelerates breathing, and elevates the heart rate to get us ready for action.

Because the body links stress with survival, high-stress levels could cause the body to prevent pregnancy. Chronic stress also discharges hormones like cortisol and adrenaline, which could contain ovulation. If people are planning on getting pregnant, they should take steps to reduce their stress levels.

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